Plays, books, and novels are typically directed towards a specific audience- and its audience can change as time goes on, or it can stay the same. The Merchant of Venice by Shakespeare has a specific audience that it is directed towards and I feel like the audience is both Christians and Jewish people.

https://youtu.be/nOIoyMBD_6Q

Act 4, Scene 1 of the Merchant of Venice, by Shakespeare, showcases Antonio and Shylock’s trial. Portia turns the case around in Antonio’s favor, while disguised as a lawyer. Portia goes on to argue that according to the contract between Shylock and Antonio, Shylock has the…


Image Credit: avenidas.org

Writing analytically is a skill that requires you to dig deeper into whichever film, novel, or idea. There are a few steps that can help to analyze texts (Ernst).

  1. Suspend your judgement. — When analyzing, make sure to be as unbiased as possible. Bias can ruin an analysis because it can cause favoritism, and a good analysis should be objectively written. Try not to form distinctly positive or negative opinions on certain ideas, groups, characters, or parts of the text.
  2. Define your subject into significant parts and think about how they are related. — Pay attention to small details in…

In Oklahoma, the female incarceration rate is very high and the women there are mainly in prison for drug possession and distribution. In particular, women of color have higher incarceration rates than their prospective representation in the state’s population (Herrera, et.al).

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gsIFNVLcC2A

What’s happening in Oklahoma demonstrates a point that Angela Davis made in an excerpt from Prison Masculinities called, “Race, Gender, and Prison History: From the Convict Lease System to the Supermax Prison”. Davis discusses how in the 19th century, women were mainly punished in the domestic sphere; they were punished by whoever the male authority was around them…


On February 18th, 1965, James Baldwin and William F. Buckley held a debate over the statement, “The American Dream is at the expense of Black Americans”. Baldwin is a well-known American activist and author, and William F. Buckley is a conservative author and commentator (Brockell).

https://youtu.be/oFeoS41xe7w

Racism and colonialism is imbedded in one’s perception and the views that they have been surrounded with their entire lives. Baldwin explains how white Americans do not understand Black people’s struggles in America and that they are so rooted in their assumptions that they don’t even realize it. Baldwin also talks about how America’s…


Learning how to focus seems simple, but it’s actually difficult for a lot of people, including myself. Eugene Gendlin has a method of focusing that is centered around one’s “felt sense” (Focusing). Of course, there are no rigid, strict instructions on learning to focus; it’s different for everyone, but Gendlin’s method can still be useful for many people, so there’s no harm in trying it.

https://youtu.be/ZBLe84U7AaM

Sondra Perl adapted this idea of focusing on “felt sense” to writing. Her guided writing technique is useful for brainstorming ideas in a calm way with just a few steps (Sondra Perl’s Composing Guidelines)…


Oresteia, a play written by Aeschylus, is centered around the move from justice by blood vengeance to a civil, reformed Athenian judicial system that’s more democratic. Agamemnon murders his daughter, Iphigenia as a sacrifice to save the Greek army from a storm. His wife, Clytemnestra along with her lover, Aegisthus, murders Agamemnon as revenge for her daughter. Her other children, Orestes and Electra, plan to murder her as revenge for their father. When Clytemnestra and Aegusthus die, the Furies are after Orestes for killing his mother. This chain of “blood vengeance” ends when Orestes goes to Athena and gets judged…


Image Credit: greeka.com

“The Republic” written by Plato around 375, is centered around the main theme of justice. Seeing as Plato was one of Socrates’ devoted followers, Socrates was the main/major character in The Republic, as well as many of his other works (Britannica). The whole work is focused on Socrates’ dialogue with other characters, conversing about the meaning of justice, implications of being just and unjust, the “ideal” state, and finally, the allegory of the cave.

Farzana Faiz

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